The principle to reject everything opposed to the service
of the Lord and His devotee, and to similarly abstain from everything opposed
to an attitude of surrender, is known as pratikulya-vivarjjanam - Rejection of the Unfavorable.
4.2 pratikulya-varjjana-sankalpadarsah -
na dhanam na janam na sundarim, kavitam va jagadisa kamaye
mama janmani janmanisvare, bhavatad bhaktir ahaituki tvayi
Sri Sri Bhagavatas Caitanyacandrasya
The ideal in the resolve to reject the unfavorable - "O
Lord of the universe, I have no desire for wealth or worldly promotion, nor
do I desire wife, family, and society, nor do I aspire for Vedic religiosity
or mundane scholarship. The only aspiration in my heart is that in my every
birth I may have unmotivated devotion for You."
- the Supreme Lord Sri Caitanyacandra
4.3 atrapi tathaiva -
nastha dharme na vasu-nicaye naiva kamopabhoge
yad yad bhavyam bhavatu bhagavan purva-karmanurupam
etat prarthyam mama bahu-matam janma-janmantare 'pi
tvat padambhoruha-yuga-gata niscala bhaktir astu
A similar expression of the same ideal - "O Lord, I
have no faith in religiosity, economic development, or sense enjoyment. May
all these things come to pass as they are ordained, according to my previous
karma.But my earnest prayer is that birth after birth I may have unflinching devotion for Your lotus feet."
4.4 hari-sambandha-hinam sarvam eva varjjaniyam -
na yatra vaikuntha-katha sudhapaga
na sadhavo bhagavatas tad asrayah
na yatra yajnesa-makha mahotsavah
suresa-loko 'pi na vai sa sevyatam
Everything devoid of a relationship with Lord Hari should be rejected -
"One should not reside wherever the river of nectarean tidings of
Krsna does not flow, wherever Krsna's surrendered devotees cannot be found,
and wherever the grand festival of chanting Krsna's holy name is not conducted
- even if it is heaven."
- prayers by the demigods
4.5 vyavaharika-gurvadayo 'pi pratikulam ced varjjaniya eva -
gurur na sa syat svajano na sa syat
pita na sa syaj janani na sa syat
daivam na tat syan na patis ca sa syan
na mocayed yah samupeta-mrtyam
When the traditional guru and guardians are found to be unfavorable, they too must surely be abandoned -
"One who cannot save other souls from the world of impending death
- that is, one who cannot teach the path of devotion - he cannot be a teacher,
although he may be called 'guru'; he cannot be a relative - he is not worthy
of the designation; he cannot be a father - he is not qualified to beget
a son; she cannot be a mother - she should not bear a child; he cannot be
a god - the demigods who cannot deliver others from material bondage are
not entitled to accept worship from human society; and he cannot be a husband
- his hand is not fit to accept in marriage."
4.6 sarvendriyair eva pratikula-varjjane sankalpah -
ma draksam ksina-punyan ksanam api bhavato bhakti-hinan padabje
ma srausam sravya-bandham tava caritam-apasyanyad-akhyana-jatam
ma spraksam madhava! tvam api bhuvana-pate! cetasapahnavanan
ma bhuvam tvat saparya-parikara-rahito janma-janmantare 'pi
The resolve to reject everything unfavorable, by means of all the senses -
"O Madhava, let me not see the unvirtuous persons who are devoid
of devotion for Your lotus feet, and let me not hear the narratives which
do not describe Your divine personality. O Lord of the universe, may I never
have any contact with those bereft of faith in You, and moreover, lifetime
after lifetime, may I never be without the company of Your associates who
are devoted to Your loving service." Sri Kulasekhara
One should also be indifferent towards commonly respected objects -
"O Lord, Your devotee sees the ocean to be as insignificant as a
palmful of water, the sun as a glow-worm, Mount Sumeru as a pebble, a king
as a servant, wish-fulfilling gems as rocks, a desire-yielding tree as wood,
worldly aspirations as straw, and he even sees his own body as a trifling
weight to carry: he knows all objects unfavorable to devotion as trivia."
4.8 hari-vimukha-sanga-phalasya anubhuti-svarupam -
varam hutavaha-jvala-, panjarantar-vyavasthitih
na sauri-cinta-vimukha-, jana-samvasa-vaisasam
A realization of the result of associating with those who are averse to
the Supreme Lord Hari -
"One should endure the pain of being locked in a cage surrounded
by blazing fire, rather than keep the distressing association of persons
averse to Krsna consciousness."
The actual position of the worshippers of 'other gods' - "Better
to be embraced by a snake, a tiger, or a crocodile, than to suffer the agony
of associating with persons who worship the various demigods."
- revered votary
4.10 bhakti-badhaka dosas tyajyah -
aty-aharah prayasas ca, prajalpo niyamagrahah
jana-sangas ca laulyan ca, sadbhir bhaktir vinasyati
Sri Rupa Goswami
Personal defects that obstruct devotion must be forsaken -
atyanta sangrahe yara sada citta dhaya, atyahari bhakti-hina sei samjna paya
prakrta vastura ase bhoge yara mana, prayasi tahara nama bhakti-hina jana
krsna-katha chadi' jihva ana katha kahe, prajalpi tahara nama vrtha vakya kahe
bhajanete udasina karmete pravina, bahv-arambhi se niyamagrahi ati dina
krsna-bhakta-sanga vine anya-sange rata, jana-sangi ku-visaya-vilase vivrata
nana-sthane bhrame yei nija svartha-tare, laulya-para bhakti-hina samjna deya nare
ei chaya nahe kabhu bhakti adhikari, bhakti-hina laksya-bhrasta visayi samsari
(Bengali verse by Sri Bhakti Siddhanta Saraswati Thakura)
"(1) For over-acquisition, one whose mind does always run:
avaricious non-devotee - he should thus be known
(2) One who hankers to exploit some object mundane:
non-devotee, overendeavorer - as such he is known.
(3) One whose tongue speaks all but holy talks of Krsna:
he is just a gossiper of insignificant banter.
(4) Apathetic to devotion, skilled in exploitation:
so wretched - proud usurper of the higher devotee's position.
(5) Associates with all except Lord Krsna's pure devotees:
a mundane socializer in the mud of fleeting fancies.
(6) Who wanders hither and thither for his own selfish plan:
fickle-minded non-devotee - is known such a man.
In these six ways, never fit to render pure devotion:
bereft of love divine - fallen, materialistic person."
The severe adversity of female companionship - "Alas, for
a renunciate who desires to completely cross over the ocean of mundanity
and engage in the divine loving service of the Supreme Lord, to ogle a materialist
and a woman is more wicked than drinking poison."
- the Supreme Lord Sri Caitanyacandra
4.12 hari-vimukhasya vamsadisv adaro bhakti-pratikulah -
dhig janma nas tri-vrd yat tad, dhig vratam dhig bahu jnatam
dhik kulam dhik kriya-daksyam, vimukha ye tv adhoksaje
Esteem for elevated birth and culture of a person averse to Lord Hari is unfavorable for devotion -
"Our three births (seminal, investiture with the sacred thread,
and sacrificial [saukra, savitrya, and daiksya]) are condemned, our vow of
chastity is condemned, our profuse knowledge of the Scriptures is condemned,
our lineage is condemned, and our proficiency in prescribed religious rites
is condemned - all is lost, because we have become averse to the transcendental
- sacrificial brahmanas
4.13 jade cid-buddhir varjjaniya -
yasyatma-buddhih kunape tri-dhatuke
sva-dhih kalatradisu bhauma ijyadhih
yat-tirtha-buddhih salile na karhicij
janesv abhijnesu sa eva gokharah
Sri Sri Bhagavatah
The mentality of considering mundane objects to be conscious elements is unfavorable -
"One who considers his gross body to be himself, but does not identify
himself with a devotee of the Lord; who considers wife, family, and associated
paraphernalia to be his possessions, yet does not feel affection or attachment
for a devotee of the Lord; who considers a graven image of earth or other
substance to be God, yet does not conceive of the worshippable position of
a devotee of the Lord; who considers some river or lake to be a holy place
of pilgrimage, yet does not perceive a devotee of the Lord to be the abode
of divinity incarnate - such a person is an ass among cows: a colossal fool."
The offensive mentality of considering worshippable, conscious divine
forms to be mundane or subordinate to mundanity must be totally abandoned
- "Anyone who considers the worshippable Deity to be stone;
who considers the Vaisnava Guru to be a mortal man; who considers a Vaisnava
to be limited by the confines of caste, lineage, or creed; who considers
the holy foot-wash of Lord Visnu or a Vaisnava to be ordinary water; who
considers the holy name and mantra of Lord Visnu, which vanquish all sins,
to be common sound vibration; and who considers the God of gods, Lord Visnu,
to be merely on the level of the demigods - such a person is a diabolical
4.15 tapah prabhrtinam pratikulyam -
rahuganaitat tapasa na yati
na cejyaya nirvapanad grhad va
na cchandasa naiva jalagni-suryair
vine mahat-pada-rajo 'bhisekam
The adversity of all attempts based on austerity, etc. - "O
Rahugana, without one's head being adorned with the dust of the holy feet
of a pure devotee, one can never attain devotion for the Supreme Lord by
austerity, by Vedic worship and religiosity, by following the vow of monkhood,
by following the religious duties of married life, by study and recitation
of the Vedas, or by worshipping water, fire, or sun."
4.16 acyuta-sambandha-hina-jnana-karmader api pratikulyam -
naiskarmyam apy acyuta-bhava-varjjitam
na sobhate jnanam alam niranjanam
kutah punah sasvad abhadram isvare
na carpitam karma yad apy akaranam
The adversity of pursuits based on knowledge (jnana) and action (karma)
devoid of any relationship with the Supreme Lord Hari - "When
unadulterated knowledge that is devoid of action and its reactions is never
becoming without a devotional relationship with the Infallible Lord, how
then will action, which is ill-fated by nature, ever be exhalted without
being offered to the Almighty, even if it is utterly selfless?"
The futility of sense control by yogic practice - "The agitated
mind, repeatedly taken captive by its enemy in the form of depravity rooted
in lust and greed, is directly mastered by serving the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, Mukunda. It can never be likewise checked or pacified by practicing
the eightfold yogic discipline, which is generally based on sensual and mental
repression [yama, niyama, etc.]."
4.18 brahma-sukhagrah pratikula eva -
tvat-saksat karanahlada-, visuddhabdhi-sthitasya me
sukhani gospadayante, brahmany api jagad-guro
Eagerness to attain to the bliss of Brahman must be known as unfavorable to devotion -
"O Guru of the universe, now that I can directly behold Your divine
form, I reside within the ocean of pure ecstasy. And all other pleasures,
including the bliss of merging with Brahman, appear as insignificant as the
water in a cow's hoofprint."
The aspiration for liberation is particularly unfavorable - "I
have no aspiration for that liberation which is meant to sever material bondage,
and in which the relationship, 'You are master, and I, servant,' is completely
Sri Sri Hanuman
4.20 sayujya-mukti-sprha auddhatyam eva -
bhaktih seva bhagavato, muktis tat pada-langhanam
ko mudho dasatam prapya, prabhavam padam icchati
The aspiration to become one with the Absolute is nothing more than arrogance -
"Bhakti is the service of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and
mukti is the overstepping of that service. Who is the fool that hankers for
liberation's throne, rejecting the servitorship of the Lord?"
4.21 atyantika-laya-sprha viveka-hinataiva -
hanta citriyate mitra, smrtva tan mama manasam
vivekino 'pi ye kuryus, trsnam atyantike laye
The astonishing indiscrimination in the aspiration for ultimate dissolution -
"Alas, my friend, my heart is simply astonished when I think of
all those discriminating persons who aspire for self-extinction in perpetual,
Liberation prays to become devotion's maidservant, and devotion apprehends the impurity of liberation's association - 'Who are you'?
'It is I, liberation (mukti).'
'Why have you suddenly come here?'
'O lord, because you are always absorbed in thought of Sri Krsna,
I have been promoted to the position of your maidservant.'
'Just keep a little distance from me.'
'Oh! Why are you so harsh upon an innocent person like me?'
'By the mere mention of your name, the sandalwood paste or Gopi-candana
tilaka that adorns my body, and which represents my reputation as a devotee
of the Lord, will vanish altogether.'
4.23 bahirmmukha-brahma-janmano 'pi pratikulata -
tava dasya-sukhaika-sanginam, bhavanesv astv-api kita-janma me
itarav asathesu ma sma bhud, api janma caturmukhatmana
The adversity of being born as even Lord Brahma,
but without Krsna consciousness -
veda-vidhi anusare, karma kari' e samsare,
jiva punah punah janma paya
purva-krta karma-phale, tomara va iccha-bale,
janma yadi labhi punaraya
tabe eka katha mama, suna he purusottama,
tava dasa-sangi-jana ghare
kita-janma yadi haya, tahate o dayamaya,
rahibo he santusta antare
tava dasa-sanga-hina, ye grhastha arvacina,
tara grhe caturmukha-bhuti
na cai kakhana hari, kara-dvaya joda kari'
kare tava kinkara minati
(Bengali verse by Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura)
"According to Vedic injunction, who acts out his worldly function,
that soul takes birth again and again;
according to my previous action, or Your divine predilection,
if another birth for me does remain:
then just one thing I have to say, O hear me Lord, if You may:
if within the home of your devotee
I may be born in an insect body, that cannot but be Your mercy,
in my heart I'll be ever happy.
Devoid of Your devotee's company, in an ignorant non-devotee's family,
to be born as even Brahma, the creator:
for that, O Lord, I'll never ask You - with folded hands now before You,
this is the earnest prayer of Your servitor."
(Bengali verse translation)
4.24 gaura-bhakti-rasajnasya anyatra cid-rase 'pi pratikulyanubhutih -
vaso me varam astu ghora-dahana-jvalavali-panjare
sri-caitanya-padaravinda-vimukhair ma kutracit sangamah
vaikunthadi-padam svayan ca militam no me mano lipsate
padambhoja-rajas chata yadi manag gaurasya no rasyate
The pure devotee who knows the paramount, immaculate nectar of devotion
for Sri Caitanyadeva distrusts all else, even to the point of considering
the culture of other spiritual relationships to be opposition - "Let
me remain within a cage of blazing fire, but never in the association of
persons averse to the holy lotus feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. If I never
get even the slightest taste of the nectar of a tiny particle of the pollen
of the lotus feet of Sri Gauranga, my heart has no aspiration for a position
in the great spiritual planets headed by Vaikuntha - even if it is mine for
Sri Prabodhananda Saraswati
4.25 aikantika-bhaktasya ksayavasista-dosa-darsanagraho varjjaniyah -
drstaih svabhava-janitair vapusas ca dosair
na prakrtatvam iha bhakta-janasya pasyet
gangambhasam na khalu bud-buda-phena-pankair
brahma-dravatvam apagacchah nira-dharmaih
Sri Rupa Goswami
The tendency to find the dying remnants of personal defects in an exclusive devotee must be abandoned -
svabhava janita ara vapu-dose ksane, anadara nahi kara suddha bhakta-jane
pankadi jaliya dose kabhu ganga-jale, cinmayatva lopa nahe sarva-sastre bale
aprakrta bhakta-jana papa nahi kare, avasista papa yaya kichu-dina pare
(Bengali verse by Sri Bhakti Siddhanta Saraswati Thakura)
"For defects in his nature, or defects in his body,
one should never disrespect Lord Krsna's pure devotee.
If mud, foam, and bubbles appear in Ganges water,
it never loses divinity - so says the Scripture.
The devotee of divinity - he does never sin,
and if a remnant does remain, soon that too is gone."
The practice of finding faults in others must be abandoned - "To
pointlessly judge others is a defect, and therefore such a practice must
be abandoned. O Uddhava, you should neither praise nor abuse the nature and
actions of others, because you will become preoccupied with falsehood and
your best self-interest will be lost."
- the Supreme Personality of Godhead
4.27 vraja-rasasritanam bhukti-mukti-sprha tatha aisvarya-misra
vaikuntha-pati-sevapi tyajyatvena ganyah -
asad-varta-vesya visrja mati-sarva-svaharanih
katha mukti-vyaghrya na srnu kila sarvatma-gilanih
api tyaktva laksmi-pati-ratim ito vyoma-nayanim
vraje radha-krsnau sva-rati-manidau tvam bhaja manah
Sri Raghunatha Dasa Goswami
For the pure devotees who have taken refuge in the mellow of pure devotion
in Vrndavana, even the reverential service of Lord Narayana in Vaikuntha
is considered to be as adverse as the aspiration for worldly pleasure or
krsna-varta vina ana, 'asad-varta' bali' jana,
sei vesya ati bhayankari
sri-krsna-visaya mati, jivera durllabha ati,
sei vesya mati laya hari
suna mana, bali he tomaya
mukti-name sarddulini, tara katha yadi suni,
sarvatma-sampatti gili' khaya
tad ubhaya tyaga kara, mukti-katha parihara,
laksmi-pati-rati rakha dure
se rati prabala haÕle, paravyome deya phele,
nahi deya vasa vraja-pure
vraje radha-krsna-rati, amulya dhanada ati,
tai tumi bhaja cira-dina
rupa-raghunatha-paya, sei rati prarthanaya,
e bhaktivinoda dina-hina
(Bengali poem by Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura)
"Anything but Krsna's message, know as falsehood such a passage,
such a harlot is so very dangerous:
devotion to the Lord Sri Krsna, rarely gotten by the jiva -
that harlot steals away this consciousness.
O dear mind, please hear my prayer:
And if you hear the presentation of the tigress liberation,
all the soul's good prospect she'll devour.
Both temptations please abandon, and not to speak of liberation,
curb attraction for the Lord Narayana;
by attraction to that plane, to Vaikuntha you'll be hurled down -
denied the chance to live in Sri Vrndavana.
Love for Radha-Krsna in Vraja, bestows the most precious treasure;
adore Them in your heart eternally;
Rupa-Raghunatha's feet, for such devotion, does entreat
this Bhaktivinoda, bereft, in all humility."
(Bengali verse translation)
iti sri-prapanna-jivanamrte sri-bhakta-vacanamrtantargatah
pratikulya-vivarjjanam nama caturtho 'dhyayah
thus ends the fourth chapter
Rejection of the Unfavorable - Words of Nectar from the Devotees in Life-Nectar of the Surrendered Souls
Positive and Progressive Immortality