sruti-smrty-adi-sastresu, prapattir yan nirupyate
tad uktam dvitiyadhyaye, sri-sastra-vacanamrte
This second chapter, Sri Sastra-vacanamrtam, The Nectar of
Scriptural Word, describes surrender as corroborated in the Revealed Scriptures
headed by the Vedas (Sruti) and the Religious Codes (Smrti). 2.2
prapattih srutau -
yo brahmanam vidadhati-purvam yo brahma-vidyam
tasmai gah palayati sma krsnah
tam hi devam atma-vrtti-prakasam
mumuksur vai saranam amum vrajet
Tapanyam (Br: Sam, tika)
Surrender is firmly established by the Vedas - "In the
beginning of creation, He who created the universal creator, Brahma, and
then imparted to Brahma knowledge of Brahman, the Absolute - He is the selfsame
Lord Krsna who tends the cows (or nourishes the Vedas[gah means both 'cows' and Vedas]).Those desirous of liberation should surrender unto that Lord, who reveals the innate function of the soul."
tadatmya-yatharthyam smrtau -
ahankrtir ma-karah syan, na-karas tan nisedhakah
tasmat tu namasa ksetri-, svatantryam pratisidhyate
bhagavat-paratantro 'sau, tad ayattatma-jivanah
tasmat sva-samarthya-vidhim, tyajet sarvam asesatah
The cause of the tangible reality of surrender is expounded in the Standard Codes of Religion (Smrti) -
"The syllable ma means 'self-asserting ego' (the misconception of considering oneself to be a 'doer'), and the syllable na indicates its prevention. Thus, the act of offering obeisances (namah)nullifies
the offerer's independence. The soul is naturally subordinate to the Almighty,
his intrinsic nature and innate function being servitude to the Supreme Lord.
Therefore, all actions performed thinking, 'I am the doer,' should be utterly
The only obstacle to surrender is self-asserting ego - "The
Supreme Lord Kesava remains in the company of persons who are free from a
mundane conception of life; but there appears to be a great mountain range
between the self-asserting egotists and the Lord."
2.6 advaya-jnanam anasritanam eva jagad-darsanam -
yavat prthaktvam idam atmana indriyartha-
maya-balam bhagavato jana isa pasyet
tavan na samsrtir asau pratisankrameta
vyarthapi duhkha-nivaham vahati kriyartha
Persons who do not take shelter of the One without a second, the Supreme Lord, simply loiter in the world of birth and death -
"O Lord, Soul of all souls, the conditioned soul sees this universe
as separate from You, and thinks it is meant for his sense enjoyment. But
this is only a creation of Your deluding potency (maya). As long as the living
being clings to such an illusory separate interest, he does not give up the
miserable world of action and reaction, birth and death, despite its utter
2.7 tan nityatvam, tad abhave atmano vancitatvat -
prapyapi durllabhataram,.manusyam vibudhepsitam
yair asrito na govindas, tair atma vancitas ciram
The unsurrendered soul is perpetually deceived; thus, the state of surrender is eternal -
"A birth in the human species is so valuable that it is aspired
for by the demigods. Those who, despite having taken such a birth, do not
take shelter of the lotus feet of Govinda - they deceive themselves perpetually."
2.8-9 aprapannanam jivana-vaiphalyac ca -
asitin caturas caiva, laksams tan jiva-jatisu
bhramyadbhih purusaih prapya, manusyam janma-paryayat
tad apy aphalatam yatam, tesam atmabhimaninam
varakanam anasritya, govinda-carana-dvayam
The utter futility of life without surrender - "After wandering
throughout 8,400,000 species, the soul eventually takes a human birth. But
that human birth is rendered worthless by those miserable fellows who are
so proud of their bodies that they refuse to take shelter of the lotus feet
of Lord Govinda."
2.10 sarvadhamesv api mukti-datrtvam -
sarvacara-vivarjitah satha-dhiyo vratya jagad-vancaka
dambhahankrti-pana-paisuna-parah papantyaja nisthurah
ye canye dhana-dara-putra-niratah sarvadhamas te 'pi hi
sri-govinda-padaravinda-sarana mukta bhavanti dvija
Even the lowest of men are liberated by surrender - "O twice-born,
persons who are devoid of all virtuous practices, who are outcast, rogues,
deceitful, audacious, egotistic, addicted to intoxicants, hotbeds of sin,
malicious, cruel-natured, grossly infatuated with son, wife, wealth, etc.
- even such extremely fallen persons are liberated by surrendering unto the
lotus feet of Sri Govinda."
2.11 tan nisthasya nadho-gatih -
paramartham asesasya, jagatam adi karanam
saranyam saranam yato, govindam navasidati
A surrendered soul never falls down - "Sri Govinda is the
origin of all the universes, the Supreme Truth, and the shelter of all. One
who surrenders unto His lotus feet can never be cast asunder."
2.12-13 duhkha-haratvam mano-haratvan ca - sthitah priya-hite nityam, ya eva purusarsabhah
rajams tava yadu-srestho, vaikunthah purusottamah ya enam samsrayantiha, bhaktya narayanam harim
te tarantiha durgani, na me 'trasti vicarana
Surrender unto the Supreme Lord Hari vanquishes misery and charms the heart with the Lord's divine sweetness - "O King, what more can I say? The foremost of the Yadu dynasty,
the unassailable great personality who is full of goodwill for you and always
your dear friend - He is none other than the Supreme Lord Narayana, Sri Hari.
Those who devotedly take full refuge in Him cross over this insurmountable
ocean of material existence."
2.14 abhayamrta-datrtvan ca -
ye sankha-cakrabja-karam hi sarnginam
khagendra-ketum varadam sriyah patim
tesam bhayam nasti vimukti-bhajam
Completely vanquishing all fear, surrender bestows the life of eternal nectar -
"The Lord of the Goddess of Fortune bears a conchshell, disc, lotus
flower, and bow; He is the Master of Garuda, He is the vanquisher of the
fear of mundane existence, He is the bestower of all benedictions. No trace
of apprehension remains for those who take refuge in Him, since they qualify
for positive immortality."
2.15 sarvartha-sadhakatvam -
samsare 'smin maha-ghore, moha-nidra-samakule
ye harim saranam yanti, te krtartha na samsayah
A surrendered soul is successful in all endeavors - "In
the dense darkness of this material world which is engulfed in ignorance
and sleep, those who surrender unto the holy lotus feet of Lord Hari are
successful in all their endeavors. Of this there is no doubt."
2.16 ajitendriyanam api siva-datvam -
kim durapadanam tesam, pumsam uddama-cetasam
yair asritas tirtha-padas, carano vyasanatyayah
By surrender, even persons of uncontrolled senses attain all good fortune -
"The lotus feet of Lord Hari vanquish material existence. By surrendering
unto His lotus feet, nothing remains difficult to achieve, even for a person
of agitated mind."
2.17 samsara-klesa-haritvam -
sarira manasa divya, vaiyase ye ca manusah
bhautikas ca katham klesa, badheran hari-samsrayam
Allworldly suffering is vanquished for the surrendered soul - "O Vidura, how can a person who has taken shelter of the lotus
feet of Sri Hari be stricken with bodily and mental tribulation arising from
the elements, other persons, or unfavorable astrological circumstances?"
2.18 saranagatanam ayatna-siddham eva param padam -
samasrita ye pada-pallava-plavam
mahat-padam punya-yaso murareh
bhavambudhir vatsa-padam param padam
padam padam yad vipadam na tesam
The Supreme Abode of Lord Visnu is effortlessly attainable for the surrendered souls -
"This ocean of material existence is as insignificant as the water
in a cow's hoofprint to those persons who have taken full refuge in the supreme
shelter - the boat of the lotus feet of Lord Sri Krsna, whose glories are
universally sung as purity's own self. Their destination is the Lord's supreme
abode, never this mundane abode of calamities."
2.19 sarvatmasritanam vivarta nivrttih -
yesam sa eva bhagavan dayayed anantah
sarvatmanasrita-pado yadi nirvyalikam
te dustaram atitaranti ca deva-mayam
naisam mamaham iti dhih sva-srgala-bhaksye
The illusion of bodily identification and mundane possessiveness is dispelled
for the souls surrendered to the Lord in all respects - "Due
to their taking shelter of His lotus feet in all respects, those persons
upon whom the Infinite Supreme Lord bestows His unreserved grace surpass
the insurmountable illusory energy of the Lord. He does not favor those who
ascribe the conceptions of 'I and mine' to this material body, which is food
for jackals and hounds."
2.20 tad upeksitanam duhkha-pratikarah ksanika eva -
balasya neha saranam pitarau nrsimha
nartasya cagadam udanvati majjato nauh
taptasya tat-pratividhir ya ihanjasestas
tavad vibho tanu-bhrtam tvad-upeksitanam
For persons devoid of a relationship with the Supreme Lord Hari, prevention of suffering cannot but be transitory -
"O Nrsimha, O Almighty Lord, precautions and remedies are only short-lived
when attempted by the suffering embodied souls who are not favored by You.
Parents are not the guardians of their child, medicine is not the cure for
the diseased, and a boat is not the savior of a man drowning in the ocean."
2.21 anasritanam asad avagrahad eva vividharttih -
tavad bhayam dravina-deha-suhrn-nimittam
sokah sprha paribhavo vipulas ca lobhah
tavan mamety asad-avagraha arti-mulam
yavan na te 'nghrim abhayam pravrnita lokah
The various tribulations of the unsurrendered souls are simply due to their obsession with the unreal -
"O Lord, as long as the people of the world do not take the safe
and sound shelter of Your lotus feet, they remain full of anxiety about their
wealth, their bodies, and their friends; overwhelmed with lamentation, hankering,
obsession, and intense greed, they cannot obtain relief from the suffering
which is deeply rooted in their imaginary conceptions of ÔI and mineÕ."
2.22 paripurna-kamo harir evasrayaniyo 'nyad-heyam - avismitam tam paripurna-kamam, svenaiva labhena samam prasantam
vinopasarpaty aparam hi balisah, sva-langulenatititartti sindhum
One should take refuge in the fully self-satisfied Supreme Lord Hari;
the shelter of 'other gods' yields a lamentably inferior result - "Lord
Krsna is perfectly replete in everything desirable, fully self-sufficient,
poised and tranquil. Nothing can be astonishing for Him. Only a fool disregards
Him to take shelter in any demigod whose propitiation may be prescribed for
the accomplishment of worldly benefits. Such a person may be compared to
one who seizes a dog's tail in order to cross the ocean."
2.23 harer eva sarvoddharitvam -
abhira-sumbha yavanah khasadayah
ye 'nye ca papa yad-upasrayasrayah
sudhyanti tasmai prabhavisnave namah
Only Sri Hari is capable of delivering the living being in all circumstances -
"Persons such as those belonging to the races known as Kirata, Huna,
Andhra, Pulinda, Pulkasa, Abhira, Sumbha (Kanka), Yavana, and Khasa - nay,
persons of each and every sinful birth are perfectly purified without a doubt,
by taking shelter of the devotees surrendered to Lord Visnu, the Almighty.
I do offer my respectful obeisances unto Him."
2.24 hari-caranasrita eva sara-grahino 'nyatha karma-yogadibhir atma-ghatitvam -
athata ananda-dugham padambujam
hamsah srayerann aravinda-locana
sukham nu visvesvara yoga-karmabhis
tan mayayami vihata na maninah
Only surrendered souls can properly distinguish substance from form; those
who disregard Lord Hari to seek happiness on the empirical paths based on
yoga and karma are simply on a suicidal course - "O lotus-eyed
one, the swans (topmost pure devotees, paramahamsas) take refuge in Your
ecstasy-yielding lotus feet. O Universal Lord, those who do not accept the
joy of the shelter of Your lotus feet and pursue the paths of abstract liberation
and mundane acquisition - such persons are devastated by Your deluding potency."
2.25 krsna-carana-saranagateh parama-sadhyatvam -
na naka-prstham na ca sarva-bhaumam
na paramesthyam na rasadhipatyam
na yoga-siddhir apunar-bhavam va
vanchanti yat pada-rajah prapannah
Full refuge in the lotus feet of Sri Krsna is the supreme objective -
"Those souls who have taken refuge in the dust of Your lotus feet
have no desire to attain heaven, universal dominion, the post of Lord Brahma,
sovereignty over the earth, yogic perfections, or liberation."
2.26 hari-prapannanam anya-nistara-samarthyam-atmaramanam api hari-pada-prapattis ca -
yat pada-samsrayah suta, munayah prasamayanah
sadyah punanty upasprstah, svardhuny-apo 'nusevaya
Souls surrendered unto the lotus feet of the Lord Hari are competent to
deliver others, and the fully self-satisfied souls also surrender to the
Lord's lotus feet - "The slightest association with the supremely
tranquil sages who have surrendered unto the lotus feet of the Lord purifies
the people of the world; but the river Ganga purifies only those who bathe
2.27 sri-krsnaika-sarana naiva vidhi-kinkarah -
na kinkaro nayam rni ca rajan
sarvatmana yah saranam saranyam
gato mukundam parihrtya karttam
Those souls who have exclusively surrendered unto Krsna are not subservient to scriptural injunctions and prohibitions -
"O King, one who abandons all worldly obligations and wholeheartedly
surrenders unto Mukunda, the exclusive shelter of all beings in every respect
- such a person is no longer indebted to the demigods, sages, other life-forms,
friends and relatives, mankind, and ancestors."
2.28 tad anugrhita veda-dharmatita eva -
yada yasyanugrhnati, bhagavan atma-bhavitah
sa jahati matim loke, vede ca parinisthitam
The recipients of the Lord's mercy are transcendental to Vedic religiosity -
"Because of the intense love of His surrendered soul, the Supreme
Lord bestows His grace upon that devotee by ushering divine inspiration into
his heart. Such a devotee then abandons the preoccupation with adhering to
worldly obligations and Vedic religiosity."
2.29 sri-krsna-svarupam eva paramasraya-padam -
dasame dasamam laksyam, asritasraya-vigraham
sri-krsnakhyam param dhama, jagad-dhama namami tat
Bhavartha-dipika, Bha: 10.1.1
As the epitome of divine ecstasy (rasa), the Supreme Lord's original form - Krsna - is the highest refuge -
"In the tenth canto of Srimad-Bhagavatam, Sri Krsna has been distinguished
as the embodiment of shelter for the surrendered souls. I bow down unto that
supreme refuge of the universe, who is known as ÔKrsnaÕ."
2.30 sriman-mahaprabhoh padasraya-mahatmyam -
dhyeyam sada paribhava-ghnam abhista-doham
tirthaspadam siva-virinci-nutam saranyam
vande maha-purusa te caranaravindam
The matchless, unsurpassable gift of surrender unto the lotus feet of
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Golden Avatara who enacts His pastimes
as a great devotee - "O guardian of the surrendered, O great
personality (the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself, who enacts His divine
pastimes as a pure devotee [maha-bhagavata]), You alone are the reality to
be constantly meditated upon by the pure souls. You are the destroyer of
the soul's illusion, You are the divine wish-fulfilling tree, the refuge
of all devotees. Worshippable by Siva and Virinci (Sadasiva in the form of
Sri Advaita Acarya, and Brahma in the form of Haridasa Thakura), You are
the shelter of all and everything, and You are the dispeller of Your devotee's
suffering which originates in offenses to the holy name (nama-aparadha).
You are the only boat for crossing the ocean of this material world of suffering.
I do worship Your holy lotus feet."
The souls surrendered unto the lotus feet of Sri Caitanyadeva bathe in the ocean of divine love -
"If you have a desire to cross the ocean of material existence,
an aspiration to taste the ecstasy of the nectarean congregational chanting
of the holy names (sankirtana), and a longing to sport in the ocean of divine
love - then please surrender unto the lotus feet of Sri Caitanyacandra."
Six divisions of surrender - "Acceptance of the favorable,
rejection of the unfavorable, the faith that 'He will surely protect me,'
embracing the Lord's guardianship, complete dependence on Him, and the perception
of one's utter helplessness without Him - these six are the essential limbs
of exclusive surrender to the Lord (saranagati)."
2.33 sa ca kaya-mano-vakyaih sadhya -
tavasmiti vadan vaca, tathaiva manasa vidan
tat sthanam asritas tanva, modate saranagatah
Saranagati should be practiced in thought, word, and deed - "By
his power of speech, the surrendered soul declares, 'I am Yours'; in his
thoughts, he knows the same; and in person, he takes refuge in the Lord's
holy abode. In this way the surrendered soul passes his life, his heart filled
sri-sastra-vacanamrtam nama dvitiyo 'dhyayah
thus ends the second chapter
The Nectar of Scriptural Word in Life-Nectar of the Surrendered Souls
Positive and Progressive Immortality